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Surgical dentistry

Sometimes a deeper intervention is needed to restore a healthy smile. And then surgical dentistry comes to the rescue. And although surgical dentistry is perceived as a solution for tooth extraction, it covers a much wider range of tasks. In this case, the main task is to preserve the tooth!

The work of a surgeon is closely intertwined with other dental specialties; it is no coincidence that in many cases a surgeon, an orthopedist, and an orthodontist work with one patient.

The tasks of surgical dentistry include:

  • treatment (correction) of congenital and acquired dentoalveolar pathologies;
  • not only dental implantation, but also preparation for prosthetics (restoration of a full-fledged dentition;
  • carrying out operations restoring the structure of bone and soft tissues;
  • dissection of the frenulum of the upper lip and tongue,
  • treatment of tumors of the oral cavity and much more.

Recently, cosmetic operations have also become in demand in dental surgery: in addition to excision of the frenulum (frenuloplasty), surgeons correct the contour of the gums (gingivoplasty) and the movement of intraoral muscles (vestibuloplasty).

Surgeon services in Kharkov

One of the most common reasons for treatment is tooth extraction, that is, tooth extraction. In modern clinics, they conduct a thorough examination and look for any possible ways to preserve the dentition (filling, installing a crown on a decayed tooth or a preserved root). But in some cases, restoration is simply impossible, and sometimes a bad tooth poses a real threat to the patient's life, so the only possible solution is to eliminate it.

In surgical dentistry, emergency and planned tooth extraction are distinguished. Emergency removal is performed as soon as possible after an emergency is diagnosed. Scheduled removal can be scheduled at a convenient date for the patient and clinic.

Extraction of a tooth in an emergency is shown when:

  • acute inflammation that spreads to the bone;
  • severe pain caused by a tooth that cannot be cured.

The tooth is routinely removed in such cases:

  • the tooth is completely destroyed and its preservation does not make sense;
  • obstruction of root canals, which is accompanied by a cyst, neuralgia, chronic periodontitis, sinusitis;
  • mechanical damage to the tooth root (fracture);
  • 4 degree of tooth mobility with periodontitis;
  • the tooth is unable to erupt on its own (impacted), causes inflammation and pain;
  • supernumerary teeth (hyperdontia), which cause a curvature of the bite or cause pain;
  • the tooth must be removed during treatment by an orthodontist.

hirurgicheskaya stomatologiaExtraction of a tooth is carried out after a thorough examination of the oral cavity and examination of the patient's medical history. The complexity of the upcoming procedure can be determined by X-rays, on which the tooth itself is clearly visible, which makes it possible to establish its shape and length, as well as the location of the surrounding tissues.

Dentists distinguish between simple and surgical (difficult) removal.

In the first case, we are talking about the extraction of teeth that are clearly visible in the oral cavity. More complicated are situations with broken crowns, with unerupted (impacted) teeth, with a cyst, abscess, etc. In such cases, you have to use additional tools and perform additional actions (cut the mucous membrane, drill bone tissue, etc.). Such complex techniques require a highly qualified doctor. In all cases, tooth extraction is performed using local anesthetics.

The entire extraction process, depending on the complexity of the situation, the size and location of the tooth, takes from 20 minutes to three hours.

It is impossible to remove teeth when:

  • exacerbations of chronic diseases, hypertensive crisis, heart attack, etc.;
  • taking medications that reduce blood clotting;
  • menstruation - during this period, blood clotting decreases in women;
  • 1st and 3rd trimesters of pregnancy.

How are wisdom teeth removed?

Wisdom teeth are removed in the same way as the rest. Statistics show that this happens much more often, since such teeth:

  • often underdeveloped;
  • grow in the wrong direction, injuring adjacent teeth or tissues;
  • not available for filling;
  • have curved roots, in which case the correct treatment is under a big question.

After tooth extraction, you will have to endure discomfort for some time. In particular, after a complex surgical extraction, pain is possible - to alleviate the patient's condition, the doctor will prescribe an anesthetic. As a rule, the condition is completely normalized in 3 to 10 days.

At first, you need to limit physical activity, quit smoking, hot drinks and hot food. To prevent infection from entering the socket of the extracted tooth, it is recommended to strictly follow the instructions of the dentist-surgeon

In our clinic, any surgical intervention is carried out only with the use of modern anesthetics and gentle techniques. As a result, the procedure is as painless as possible.

The decision to remove or save a tooth is more correct to take together with a doctor after a detailed diagnosis. In some cases, it is better to do this earlier.

If you have doubts now or need help in making a decision, be sure to contact our specialists in Kharkov. If you cannot save the tooth, then we will offer you the most optimal solution.

 

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We are waiting for you in the clinics "German Dentistry"
Kharkiv, st. Chernyshevskaya, 26

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